Changes in liver integrity were studied in isolated perfused cat livers during simulated shock conditions (i.e., combined hypoxia, acidosis, and ischemia) or under the influence of each hypodynamic state separately. The combined hypodynamic stimuli depressed carbon clearance 51% and significantly elevated lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) and cathepsin D activities in the perfusate. The perfused liver was more seriously affected by hypoxia than by acidosis or ischemia alone. Reticuloendothelial clearance was depressed 20% and 25% in acidosis and hypoxia, respectively. Hypoxia also induced a 3-fold increase in cathepsin D and a 13-fold increase in LDH activities in the perfusate. After 150 min of hypoxia or ischemia, free cathepsin D in liver tissue increased significantly. The impairment of liver cell integrity (i.e., of Kupffer and parenchymal cells) occurred between 60 and 90 min during simulated shock conditions, indicating that the liver is stable for 60 min when it is exposed to hypoperfusion. The perfused liver is sensitive to local stimuli that predominate in circulatory shock, particularly hypoxia. These stimuli promote the release of lysosomal and cytoplasmic enzymes as well as depress phagocytosis by the reticuloendothelial system, phenomena that exacerbate the shock state.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Physiological Society