Radiotelemetry of core temperature in unrestrained, mature female rats revealed the existence of a 24-h rhythm that was bimodal. The principal peak occurred during the night under control conditions of 14 h light and 10 h darkness, and a less pronounced, secondary peak occurred 3-4 h after the onset of the light phase. Shifts in the phase of the photoperiod or alteration of the proportion of light per day revealed that the temperature rhythm was entrained by light, but that the two component peaks were governed by different aspects of the lighting regimen. Exposure of rats to continuous darkness, continuous light, or to a 20-h photoperiod revealed that the primary rhythm was endogenous, entrained by circadian photoperiods only, whereas the secondary rhythm was exogenous, requiring a circadian light/dark rhythm. A relationship between mean core temperature and ttion pressure, end-systolic L was constant, despite variations in filling and therefore independent of initial L and delta L; moreover, the L to which the ventricle shortened was determined by the course of the systolic force L-relation. Thus, irrespective of loading, delta L occurs within the confines of the contractile state-depdendent isovolumic force-L relation and where the latter is equivalent to the end-systolic force-length relation.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Physiological Society