Total thiamine (free thiamine and thiamine phosphates) transport into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), brain, and choroid plexus and out of the CSF was measured in rabbits. In vivo, total thiamine transport into CSF, choroid plexus, and brain was saturable. At the normal plasma total thiamine concentration, less than 5% of total thiamine entry into CSF, choroid plexus, and brain was by simple diffusion. The relative turnovers of total thiamine in choroid plexus, whole brain, and CSF were 5, 2, and 14% per h, respectively, when measured by the penetration of 35S-labeled thiamine injected into blood. From the CSF, clearance of [35S]thiamine relative to mannitol was not saturable after the intraventricular injection of various concentrations of thiamine. However, a portion of the [35S]thiamine cleared from the CSF entered brain by a saturable mechanism. In vitro, choroid plexuses, isolated from rabbits and incubated in artificial CSF, accumulated [35S]thiamine against a concentration gradient by an active saturable process that did not depend on pyrophosphorylation of the [35S]thiamine. The [35S]thiamine accumulated within the choroid plexus in vitro was readily released. These results were interpreted as showing that the entry of total thiamine into the brain and CSF from blood is regulated by a saturable transport system, and that the locus of this system may be, in part, in the choroid plexus.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Physiological Society