Acute systemic hypoxia, hypercapnia, or asphyxia was produced in ketamine-anesthetized, paralyzed cats by ventilating them for 2-4 min with appropriate gas mixtures. A sustained rise in arterial pressure occurred in all cases. Vascular responses to hypoxia (7% O2, 10% 02, or 14% O2) included muscle constriction, cutaneous (hindpaw) dilatation (no change with 14% O2), renal constriction (unchanged flow), and unchanged intestinal resistance. Asphyxia (hypoxia + 10% CO2) produced a similar pattern, except that intestinal dilatation occurred. Hypercapnia (10% CO2 + 21% O2) produced muscle constriction, renal constriction (unchanged flow), intestinal dilatation, and no change in cutaneous resistance. Intestinal dilatation seemed in all cases a response to elevated CO2 only. Hypercapnia augmented the effects of hypoxia in skin and skeletal muscle. The variation of responses in different vascular beds suggests a patterning of sympathetic discharge, and varying responsivity to local and humoral factors.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Physiological Society