This study was undertaken to determine if sympathetic nerve impulses modify lacrimal gland fluid (LGF) flow, which was continuously recorded from a cannula in the excretory duct of the lacrimal gland in rabbits anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium. The preganglionic trunk of the superior cervical ganglion was stimulated with electrical stimuli during pilocarpine-induced and reflexly induced secretion. Stimuli equal to or 6-8 times stronger than the intensity that produced maximal pupil dilation caused inhibition followed by poststimulus enhancement of LGF flow when the prestimulus LGF flow was greater than 3.0 mul/min. When the prestimulus LGF flow was less than 0.8 mul/min, the stronger stimulation enhanced LGF flow but the weaker stimulation produced inhibition followed by poststimulus enhancement of LGF flow. Although no measurements of lacrimal gland blood flow were made, the alterations in these responses, which occurred during alpha- and beta-adrenergic blockade, were consistent with the changes in sympathetically induced blood flow that occur during alpha- and beta-blockade in other organs.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Physiological Society