Previous work that apparently showed a functional relationship between GFR and maximum bicarbonate reabsorption was done at a time when the effects on the latter of several factors (PCO2, plasma potassium concentration, and extracellular fluid volume expansion) were not recognized. The present study re-examines this relationship, while controlling these factors. In 14 hydropenic dogs, bicarbonate reabsorption per unt GFR increased linearly with increases in plasma bicarbonate concentration. At any level of plasma bicarbonate concentration,the absolute rate of bicarbonate reabsorption was functionally related to the GFR. In six volume-expanded dogs, bicarbonate reabsorption remained stable at 20-22 mmol/liter GFR as plasma bicarbonate was raised to greater than 40mM. The absolute rate of bicarbonate reabsorption increased with large increases in GFR induced by methylprednisolone and high-protein diet. In a third group of dogs, bicarbonate reabsorption varied directly with increases in GFR, while plasma bicarbonate concentration was held relatively constant above the threshold. We conclude there is a close functional relationship between the absolute rate of bicarbonate reabsorption and GFR in individual dogs.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Physiological Society