A new protein designated α2-AP (acute phase) globulin, not present in normal rat serum, has been detected by immunochemical methods in a wide variety of pathologic states. The protein is a carbohydrate-containing euglobulin and migrates with the mobility of an α2-globulin in filter paper and agar gel. In acrylamide and starch gels it exhibits a very low mobility suggestive of a macroglobulin. It is not related antigenically to C-reactive protein or Cx-reactive protein. Possible factors responsible for the production of the protein were discussed. It was concluded that the appearance of the protein in the circulation represents a systemic manifestation of the acute inflammatory response, and that the synthesis of the protein is stimulated by substances released from injured or necrotic cells.
- serum proteins
- acute-phase reactant
- comparative physiology
- α2 (AP) globulin
- Copyright © 1965 by American Physiological Society